One of the main themes of the film is the Hellenic concept of mind, matter, and existence called the Duality principle. As per the theory, mind and matter exist independent of each other and both of the essences have their own qualities or needs. The protagonist of the film is an example of dualism.
This is because although he has a high-end lifestyle or what a tech-savvy person would be called smart living, mental peace is yet to be achieved. The state of mind and matter of Sam is in a complete contradiction which is also the bitter truth of the sci-fi world enabled by capitalist political economy. This means that although there
are machines man is connected to more than any point in time of human history, the age also represents the disconnection one is experiencing from human to human interaction.
Be it smartphones, social media, Artificial Intelligence or Virtual Reality, humans are
increasingly cut off from the interpersonal experience and this has not just been a dramatic but also a nuance characteristic of the times we live in. Although the movie represents the epoch of human intelligence through the computer program called Samantha, it also represents the ugly side of this innovation which is the
disconnection between the body and the soul. Here the principle of Descartes Mechanical Moron deserves a special mention. According to the great philosopher, no machine can ever have the ability to think or
use language as humans do. Descartes’ principle states that machine cannot be independent of the human. The philosopher then dwells on the subject of dualism and regard mind or body as two different entities. Brain which is responsible for consciousness and intelligence is not completely different from the body which is to give the corporeal existence to the mind.This is quite elaborately explained in the movie as the machine or Samantha does not have a body but has a mind that can think or produce human intelligence. However, the machine does not have a body which is a highlight of the principle of Dualism suggested by Rene Descartes in the 17th century.The movie also explores the theme of identity and existence. Whether both the terms are a construe or a reality is yet to be agreed upon but certainly, the film helps in relating both of the themes with present-day technology.
As it is with the consciousness, it can either be internal or external existence and so is the character of Samantha which exists only digitally but is fine-tuned as a human brain. Would this call for a new definition of identity and existence which before the movie was argued to be a mental state? It is also important to note that existence is often said to have a particular characteristic or kind which the computer program called Samantha develops over time.
The relevancy and importance of Memory Theory which is a theme consistently discussed in the movie need special mention. As per the theory, personal identity is a social construction that relies on remembrance. A person’s identity at a particular point in time is closely associated with the memory he holds about the past. This
implies the relationship of the male protagonist with the female machine.
As per Sam’s reflection, the identity of Samantha is not that of a machine but of the human person whom he recalls talking to when he was having anxiety and feeling of loneliness. This theory also bears a strike semblance with the theory of reality often understood as Idealism. As per this theory, all that exists is actually a creation of the mind itself. This theory is contrary to Descartes’s principle of I think therefore I am (which is discussed below).
The relationship of Sam and Samantha was actually had no material value as they had never met in person or physically but it was a virtual construction. In addition, the film also attacks the principle of materialism which is the exact opposite of idealism as the formal suggests that everything that exists has a material presence. This is not true as Samantha did not have any physical existence but only in the digital world.